loading...

Bí ẩn sau chiếc mặt nạ người Hàn Quốc dùng nghìn năm trước

Korean people love masks because they allow them to anonymously criticize the bad habits of society. In Korean, "tal" means "mask". For the ancient Koreans, tal is the divine symbol of the gods and often appears in many cultural activities from entertainment to wedding ceremonies. Photo: Pinterest. According to legend, the Korean War, the gods ordered craftsmen Huh Chongkak, the villagers of Hahoe, to create 12 different wood masks. They asked Chongkak not to meet anyone until they finished their work. When the worker completed the upper half of his last mask, Imae, a silly girl who loved to peep over him. Immediately, Chongkak was bleeding and died, leaving the last mask without jaw. Photo: Antique Alive. The mask of Hahoe village and the dance of the people wearing them is traditional Korean culture. Today, nine of the 12 masks are on the list of "Korean Cultural Treasures", while the remaining three have been lost. There are 12 characters in the Hahoe mask. The three missing persons are Chongkak (bachelor), Byulchae (tax collector) and Toktari (old man). The nine masks still exist: Yangban (noble), Kaksi (young woman or bride), Chung (Buddhist monk), Choraengi (servant of Yangban), Sonpi (scholar), Imae stupid man and Sonpi's useless servant), Bune (wife), Baekjung (killer), and Halmi (old woman). Photo: antiquealive. The Hahoe mask is just one of dozens of Korean mask styles with related dances. Different regions create their own art form. Magical mask from real to freak. Some masks are round, oval, others are triangular with long and pointed chin. Photo: antiquealive. The best masks are made of pyrethrum, some with old pots, paper or straw. Traditional Korean masks are usually attached to a black cloth, both to fix the location and to cover the wearer's hair. In this photo is the character of Nojang monk, often associated with the satire on corruption in Korean society before. Photo: MaskMuseum. Masks in Korean culture in the past helped the anonymous liberals express their criticism of local dignitaries, aristocrats, and so on. Some of the items also drew criticism from the class. The drunk, the drunk, the rumored … Photo: antiquealive. According to researchers, the first Korean mask (talchum) may have appeared from 18 BC to 935. This period was the time of the Silla Kingdom, with the presence of of the sword dance "kommu", in which the dancers masked. Photo: littlenomadid. Kommu became popular during the Korean War, lasting until 1932. By the end of the day, talchumas – dances with masks had appeared in folk. Huh Chongkak invented the Hahoe mask from the Andong region. At the same time, other artisans across the Korean peninsula created lively masks for this type of satire. In the photo is the character Chwibari, staring at his bride behind the mask of Bongsan character. Photo: antiquealive. Masked actors often wear hanbok silk shirts or traditional colorful clothes. The long white sleeves help the actors move more vividly, especially when they wear a fixed jaw mask to hide their facial expressions. Photo: antiquealive. For a dance, there must be music. Each talchum of each region has its own musical instruments attached. However, basically an orchestra usually has "haegum" – the Korean erhu, a series of horizontal flutes, gongs and drums. The character in the picture is Kaksi, the bride. Photo: antiquealive. Dances with masks in Korea revolve around four main themes. The first is mocking the confusion, stupidity and general unhappiness of the aristocracy. The second is love triangle between husband, wife and a concubine. The third theme is the corrupt and corrupt monk, like Choegwari. Finally, the story is more universal, about the good to live with the bad, and the good to win in the end. Photo: antiquealive. There are at least 13 different forms of talchum still present in Korea today. Photo: antiquealive. A series of travel advice for Christmas, Christmas and New Year around the world will be sent to readers in December, as VnExpress collaborated with Tugo. Invite readers to read in the handbook. Tugo Travel Company, established in 2015, specializes in organizing tours to high-end markets such as Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Australia, France, USA and Europe. Thoughtco